Reconsolidation-updating theory suggests that existing memory traces can be modified, or even erased, by postretrieval new learning.Compelling empirical support for this claim could have profound theoretical, clinical, and ethical implications.introduced the multicomponent model of working memory.The theory proposed a model containing three components: the central executive, the phonological loop, and the visuospatial sketchpad with the central executive functioning as a control center of sorts, directing info between the phonological and visuospatial components.The central executive is responsible inter alia for directing attention to relevant information, suppressing irrelevant information and inappropriate actions, and coordinating cognitive processes when more than one task is simultaneously performed.A "central executive" is responsible for supervising the integration of information and for coordinating "slave systems" that are responsible for the short-term maintenance of information.Recent scientific findings indicate that the capacity of working memory can be improved through regular training.As the work of various researchers has shown, the effect of such training is enhanced if the training tasks adapt to the client’s ability level. The training material consists of n-back tasks which require the client to react to stimuli that recur at a particular interval.
In human reconsolidation studies, however, it is often claimed that postretrieval new learning can be used as a means of “updating” or “rewriting” existing memory traces.These tasks place demands on the client’s ability to retain task-related information and continuously update it in his mind.(For clarification, saccade movements are very fast jumps from one eye position to another whereas in smooth pursuit movements, eyes move smoothly instead of in jumps.) The phenomenon can be associated with a shift in frequency of an emitted signal Controlled cortically by the frontal eye fields (FEF), or subcortically by the superior colliculus, saccades serve as a mechanism for fixation, rapid eye movement, and the fast phase of optokinetic nystagmus.Working memory is often used synonymously with short-term memory, but some theorists consider the two forms of memory distinct, assuming that working memory allows for the manipulation of stored information, whereas short-term memory only refers to the short-term storage of information.used the term to describe their "short-term store".